Brief History of Edinburgh
Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland is definitely among the most preferred traveling and touring destinations for a number of people across the globe. That statement is supported by various reports that have been able to be released. For example, a report in 2015 indicated that about Edinburgh city had attracted visitors totaling to about 3.85 million. It would only be safe to assume that the latest reports would put the figures if not above then close to 4 million.
Brief History of Edinburgh
Edinburgh like most important cities across the globe has a rich history. The existing archaeological evidence points to the fact that the earliest possible known human colony in Edinburgh took place at around c. 8500 BC. That evidence was collected from a Stone Age period (Mesolithic)camp.
Additionally, on Craiglockhart Hill,Castle Rock,and the Pentland Hills,settlements traced to belong to the Bronze Age and Iron Age have also been found.
The earliest historical records point to the fact that a Celtic Brittonic tribe was encountered by the Romans at the tail end of the 1st century AD.That was after their arrival in the Lothian area. The Romans by all accounts recorded the name as the Votadini.
The Gododdin, who are evidently the descendants of the Votadini tribe, before the 7th century AD would build the hill fort of Etin or Din Eidyn. Even though in the present day the exact location has not been known, it is thought that the place could have been any of the commanding positions. These positions include Calton Hill and Castle Rock.
The control of the area would change hands severally from 7th to 10th century among different inhabitants. That is from Gododdin,Lothian,and Angles and to the Scotts ataround 950.
King David I would later in the onset of 12th century establishes the Royal burgh on a piece of land owned by the crown. By 14th and 15th century, there were writings by Jean Froissart and James III (1451–88) respectively depicting the area as the capital of Scotland.
At around 1514, the town incurred heavy losses as a result of destructions inflicted on it by the English attack. Despite the unfortunate turn of events, the town would still manage to rise from the rubbles. It is during the 17th century that Edinburgh would witness the rise of Victorian buildings that are popular and can be seen at the present in Old Town.
The 18th century was overseen by many political events including the merging of both the parliament of Scotland and England to establish the parliament of Great Britain.There would be further battles fought and witnessed during this period.
The last half of the 18th century oversaw the growth of the city of Edinburgh as the nerve center of Scottish enlightenment. The role was that serious that the city earned the nickname “Athens of the North”. There were great thinkers such as Adam Smith,Joseph Black and David Hume.
The professionals and the business class that resulted from the role played by the growth Edinburgh would later favor the “one-family” residences found in New Town. Thus increasingly abandon the Old Town.
Entering into the 19th and 20th century,Edinburgh experienced less industrial activities. That is even if its traditional industries such as brewing and distilling and printing continued to boom. The result was that Glasgow overtook Edinburgh as the largest city in Scotland.
In the later years, Edinburgh would later regain its place among the largest administrative and financial centers in Scotland and in the UK. That status was contributed by a number of developments witnessed including the Edinburgh Park,International Conference Centre and the established developed government.
Apart from the cultural attractions of Edinburgh because of its rich history as espoused above, there are also a number of attractions. There are castles, museums, historic sites, nature and parks and landmarks. In terms of castles, there is the Edinburgh castle and Craigmillar Castle and others.
In conclusion, if you happen to be a fan of museums, there is the National Museum of Scotland, Scottish National Gallery and Royal Yacht Britannia. For historic sites there is the Gilmerton Cove and Inchcolm Abbey and Island. In terms of nature and parks purposes, there is BobCat Alpacas,Arthur’s Seat and Calton Hill. The Royal Botanic Garden, Greyfriars Kirk and Royal Mile would definitely form part of points of interests and landmarks.
Next Blog: Edinburgh Tourist Attractions